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The summit took place at the Capella Resort on the island of Sentosa. Singapore is a parliamentary republic with a Westminster system of unicameral parliamentary government representing constituencies.

The Parliament serves as the legislative branch of the government. Elected MPs are voted into the Parliament on a " first-past-the-post " plurality basis and represent either single-member or group representation constituencies.

Freedom House ranks Singapore as "partly free" in its Freedom in the World report, [] and The Economist ranks Singapore as a "flawed democracy", the second best rank of four, in its " Democracy Index ".

The legal system of Singapore is based on English common law , but with substantial local differences. Trial by jury was abolished in so that judicial decisions would rest entirely in the hands of appointed judges.

Amnesty International has said that some legal provisions of the Singapore system conflict with the right to be presumed innocent until proven guilty".

Singapore has been consistently rated among the least corrupt countries in the world by Transparency International.

However, the country received a much lower ranking for " freedom of speech " and " freedom of assembly ". The communities are the Chinese community, the Malay community, and the Indian or other minority communities.

Candidates are required to satisfy the usual qualification criteria. In , Halimah Yacob was named the first female president of Singapore in the first reserved election for the Malay community.

She won on nomination day since all other candidates were declared ineligible for the election. An underlying principle is political and economic stability in the region.

This was agreed to in for implementation by In general, bilateral relations with other ASEAN members are strong; however, disagreements have arisen, [] and relations with neighbouring Malaysia and Indonesia have sometimes been strained.

The first diplomatic contact with China was made in the s, with full diplomatic relations established in the s.

Singapore has also pushed regional counter-terrorism initiatives, with a strong resolve to deal with terrorists inside its borders. The Singaporean military is arguably the most technologically advanced in Southeast Asia.

After its independence, Singapore had two infantry regiments commanded by British officers. This force was considered too small to provide effective security for the new country, so development of its military forces became a priority.

The last British soldier left Singapore in March New Zealand troops were the last to leave, in A great deal of initial support came from Israel , [] a country that is not recognised by the neighbouring Muslim-majority nations of Malaysia, Indonesia, or Brunei.

The SAF is being developed to respond to a wide range of issues, in both conventional and unconventional warfare. The Defence Science and Technology Agency is responsible for procuring resources for the military.

The small size of the population has also affected the way the SAF has been designed, with a small active force but a large number of reserves.

Singapore has conscription for all able-bodied males at age 18, except those with a criminal record or who can prove that their loss would bring hardship to their families.

Males who have yet to complete pre-university education or are awarded the Public Service Commission scholarship can opt to defer their draft.

Before induction into a specific branch of the armed forces, recruits undergo at least 9 weeks of basic military training. Because of the scarcity of open land on the main island, training involving activities such as live firing and amphibious warfare is often carried out on smaller islands, typically barred to civilian access.

This also avoids risk to the main island and the city. However, large-scale drills are considered too dangerous to be performed in the area, and since have been performed in Taiwan.

In general, military exercises are held with foreign forces once or twice per week. The SAF has sent forces to assist in operations outside the country, in areas such as Iraq [] and Afghanistan , [] in both military and civilian roles.

In the region, it has helped stabilise East Timor and has provided aid to Aceh in Indonesia following the Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami.

Singapore consists of 63 islands , including the main island, Pulau Ujong. The highest natural point is Bukit Timah Hill at The type of sand used in reclamation is found in rivers and beaches, rather than deserts, and is in great demand worldwide.

In Singapore imported almost 15 million tons of sand for its projects, the demand being such that Indonesia, Malaysia, and Vietnam have all restricted or barred the export of sand to Singapore in recent years.

As a result, in Singapore switched to using polders — a Netherlands solution — to reclamation, in which an area is enclosed and then pumped dry.

Af with no distinctive seasons, uniform temperature and pressure, high humidity, and abundant rainfall. While temperature does not vary greatly throughout the year, there is a wetter monsoon season from November to January.

From July to October, there is often haze caused by bush fires in neighbouring Indonesia, usually from the island of Sumatra. During July, the sun sets at around 7: The earliest the sun sets and rises is October and November, when the sun rises at 6: Between and , growth rates averaged around 6 per cent per annum, transforming the living standards of the population.

The Singaporean economy is known as one of the freest, [] most innovative, [] most competitive, [] most dynamic [] and most business-friendly.

For several years, Singapore has been one of the few [] countries with an AAA credit rating from the "big three" , and the only Asian country to achieve this rating.

There are also approximately 1, companies from China and a similar number from India. Roughly 44 percent of the Singaporean workforce is made up of non-Singaporeans.

Singapore is the second-largest foreign investor in India. This is different from most central banks , which use interest rates to manage policy.

In recent years, the country has been identified as an increasingly popular tax haven for the wealthy due to the low tax rate on personal income and tax exemptions on foreign-based income and capital gains.

Australian millionaire retailer Brett Blundy and multi-billionaire Facebook co-founder Eduardo Saverin are two examples of wealthy individuals who have settled in Singapore Blundy in and Saverin in It also has one of the highest income inequalities among developed countries.

Singapore traditionally has one of the lowest unemployment rates among developed countries. The government provides numerous assistance programmes to the homeless and needy through the Ministry of Social and Family Development , so acute poverty is rare.

The economy is diversified, with its top contributors—financial services, manufacturing, oil-refining. Tourism forms a large part of the economy, with over 17 million tourists visiting the city-state in Singapore is an education hub, with more than 80, international students in When Singapore first came online, Singaporeans could use Teleview to communicate with one another, but not with those outside of their sovereign city-state.

Publications such as The Wall Street Journal were censored. It is the most comprehensive survey of the pervasiveness and network-readiness of a country, in terms of market, political and regulatory infrastructure for connectivity.

Equinix participants and also its smaller brother Singapore Internet Exchange 70 participants are Internet exchange points where Internet service providers and Content delivery networks exchange Internet traffic between their networks autonomous systems in various locations in Singapore.

As Singapore is a small island with a high population density, the number of private cars on the road is restricted to curb pollution and congestion.

The cost of the Singaporean certificate of entitlement alone would buy a Porsche Boxster in the United States.

Car prices are generally significantly higher in Singapore than in other English-speaking countries. There are six taxi companies , who together put out over 28, taxis on the road.

Singapore is a major international transport hub in Asia, serving some of the busiest sea and air trade routes. Singapore Changi Airport hosts a network of over airlines connecting Singapore to some cities in about 70 countries and territories worldwide.

Access to water is universal, affordable, efficient and of high quality. As of mid, the estimated population of Singapore was 5,, people, 3,, The same census also reports that about From onward, people may register using a multi-racial classification, in which they may choose one primary race and one secondary race, but no more than two.

The median age of Singaporean residents was The next-most practised religion is Christianity , followed by Islam , Taoism , and Hinduism.

The proportion of Christians, Taoists, and non-religious people increased between and by about 3 percentage points each, whilst the proportion of Buddhists decreased.

Other faiths remained largely stable in their share of the population. There are monasteries and Dharma centres from all three major traditions of Buddhism in Singapore: Theravada , Mahayana , and Vajrayana.

Most Buddhists in Singapore are Chinese and are of the Mahayana tradition, [] with missionaries having come into the country from China for several decades.

The religion of Soka Gakkai International , a Japanese Buddhist organisation, is practised by many people in Singapore, but mostly by those of Chinese descent.

Tibetan Buddhism has also made slow inroads into the country in recent years. Sultan Mosque , a historic mosque in Kampong Glam. Singapore has four official languages: English, Malay, Mandarin Chinese, and Tamil.

The Constitution of Singapore and all laws are written in English, [] and interpreters are required if one wishes to address the Singaporean Courts in a language other than English.

Twenty percent of Singaporeans cannot read or write in English. Singlish is discouraged by the government. English is the language spoken by most Singaporeans at home, Education for primary, secondary, and tertiary levels is mostly supported by the state.

All institutions, private and public, must be registered with the Ministry of Education. Education takes place in three stages: Only the primary level is compulsory.

Students begin with six years of primary school, which is made up of a four-year foundation course and a two-year orientation stage. The curriculum is focused on the development of English, the mother tongue, mathematics , and science.

National examinations are standardised across all schools, with a test taken after each stage. After the first six years of education, students take the Primary School Leaving Examination PSLE , [] which determines their placement at secondary school.

Post-secondary education institutions include 5 polytechnics, institutes of technical education ITEs , 6 public universities [] of which the National University of Singapore and Nanyang Technological University are among the top 20 universities in the world.

Singapore students excelled in most of the world education benchmarks in maths, science and reading. Singapore has a generally efficient healthcare system, even though health expenditures are relatively low for developed countries.

This has three components: A subsidy scheme exists for those on low income. It accounts for approximately 3. In general, Singapore has had the lowest infant mortality rate in the world for the past two decades.

Almost the whole population has access to improved water and sanitation facilities. There are fewer than 10 annual deaths from HIV per , people.

There is a high level of immunisation. The Economist Intelligence Unit , in its " Where-to-be-born Index ", ranked Singapore as having the best quality of life in Asia and sixth overall in the world.

The suicide rate is 7. Singapore rated 34th in the World Happiness Report. Despite its small size, Singapore has a diversity of languages, religions, and cultures.

From , it served as a trading port for British ships on their way to India. Being a major trading hub and its close proximity to its neighbour Malaysia, Singapore was prone to many foreign influences, both from Britain and from other Asian countries.

Chinese and Indian workers moved to Singapore to work at the harbour. The country remained a British colony until When Singapore became independent from the United Kingdom in , most Singaporean citizens were uneducated labourers from Malaysia, China and India.

After independence, the government began a deliberate process of crafting a Singaporean identity and culture. Singaporeans who speak English as their native language tend to lean toward Western culture , while those who speak Chinese as their native language tend to lean toward Chinese culture and Confucianism.

Malay-speaking Singaporeans tend to lean toward Malay culture , which itself is closely linked to Islamic culture. Major religious festivals are public holidays.

Singapore has a reputation as a nanny state. Since the s when the National Arts Council was created to spearhead the development of performing arts, visual and literary art forms, to hasten a vibrant cosmopolitan "gateway between the East and West".

The Singapore Art Museum focuses on contemporary art. The Red Dot Design Museum celebrates exceptional art and design of objects for everyday life, from more than 1, items from 50 countries.

The lotus-shaped ArtScience Museum host touring exhibitions that combine art with the sciences. English, Malay , Standard Mandarin and Tamil.

It is increasingly regarded as having four sub-literatures instead of one. Many significant works has been translated and showcased in publications such as the literary journal Singa , published in the s and s with editors including Edwin Thumboo and Koh Buck Song , as well as in multilingual anthologies such as Rhythms: A Singaporean Millennial Anthology Of Poetry , in which the poems were all translated three times each into the three languages.

A number of Singaporean writers such as Tan Swie Hian and Kuo Pao Kun have contributed work in more than one language, although such cross-linguistic fertilisation is becoming increasingly rare.

Singapore has a diverse music culture that ranges from pop and rock, to folk and classical. Various communities have their own distinct ethnic musical traditions: Chinese, Malays, Indians, and smaller other ethnicities, Eurasians.

With their traditional forms of music and various modern musical styles, the fusion of different forms account for the musical diversity in the country.

The city-state has a burgeoning food scene ranging from hawker centres open-air , food courts air-conditioned , coffee shops open-air with up to a dozen hawker stalls , cafes, fast food, simple kitchens, casual, celebrity and high-end restaurants.

For most events, organisers will be mindful of them and cater food that is acceptable to all or provide choices for the ethnic minorities.

Prior to the s, street food were mainly sold by immigrants from China, India and Malaysia to other immigrants seeking a familiar taste.

In Singapore, street food has long migrated into hawker centres with communal seating areas. Typically, these centres have a few dozen to hundreds of food stalls, with each specialising in a single or a number of related dishes.

The choices are almost overwhelming even for locals. In , there are hawker centres spread across the city centre and heartland housing estates.

They are maintained by the National Environment Agency , which also grade each food stall for hygiene. The largest hawker centre is located on the second floor of Chinatown Complex with over stalls.

Two street food stalls in the city are the first in the world to be awarded a Michelin star each. Local food items generally belong to a particular ethnicity — Chinese, Malay and Indian; but diversity of cuisine has increased further by the "hybridisation" of different styles e.

In hawker centres, cultural diffusion can also be noted when traditionally Malay hawker stalls also sells Tamil food.

Chinese stalls may introduce Malay ingredients, cooking techniques or entire dishes into their range of catering.

This continues to make the cuisine of Singapore significantly rich and a cultural attraction. At the high-end of the fine dining scene are a dozen international celebrity chef restaurants, many located within the integrated resorts.

The development of private sports and recreation clubs began in the 19th century colonial Singapore, such as the Cricket Club, Singapore Recreation Club, Singapore Swimming Club, Hollandse Club and others.

Water sports are some of the most popular in Singapore. Three swimmers including Michael Phelps , were in an unprecedented three-way tie for silver.

League , launched in , [] currently comprises nine clubs, including two foreign teams. It was the inaugural F1 night race, [] and the first F1 street race in Asia.

Singapore hosted the inaugural Summer Youth Olympics , in which 3, athletes from nations competed in 26 sports. Companies linked to the government control much of the domestic media in Singapore.

There are a total of seven free-to-air TV channels offered by Mediacorp. Private ownership of TV satellite dishes is banned. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

This article is about the city-state. For other uses, see Singapore disambiguation. Republic in Southeast Asia.

Native names of Singapore. English Malay Mandarin Tamil. Roman Latin Simplified Chinese Tamil. Founding of modern Singapore and Singapore in the Straits Settlements.

Japanese occupation of Singapore. Operation Tiderace and Post-war Singapore. Independence of Singapore Agreement Goh Chok Tong 2nd Prime Minister — Since self-government in , Singapore has had only three Prime Ministers.

Foreign relations of Singapore. Land reclamation in Singapore. Water supply and sanitation in Singapore. Demographics of Singapore and Singaporeans.

Religion in Singapore, [2] Religion Percent Buddhism. Language used most frequently at home [] [] Language Percent English.

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Archived from the original on 13 March A live DJ will be preforming throughout the weekend, creating a spectacular ambience for you and your guests.

Craft beer and signature cocktails will be at your disposal all weekend long. Experience a top-of-the-line Singapore Grand Prix weekend!

This suite is located right by Turn 1, on the second level of the hospitality facility. Equipped with an air-conditioned dining area, the Green Room also has an outdoor viewing balcony that offers great views of the race.

The Lounge is located close to the Village Stage and the F1 Village, offering guests excellent opportunities to participate in the F1 entertainment in these areas.

You will receive meal vouchers to redeem for meals at a premium outlet, and the lounge features an open bar. Patrons will also receive a branded amenity pack daily, with quality earplugs, poncho and other amenities.

To top it off, patrons will enjoy padded seats and have access to exclusive executive restroom facilities. Join in the celebrations on the track after the race and witness the crowning of a champion.

A videowall is opposite the stand. At the other end of the grandstand, spectators will be able to enjoy views of the cars tackling Turn 8.

This Grandstand is situated right next to the Victoria Theatre, and gives spectators a prime opportunity to see the cars brake and negotiate the curves right in front of the grandstand before speeding up to pass through the famous Anderson-Bridge arch.

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